1/ In Three Colours: Blue, there is something unusual in editing that I’ve never seen in films before: several times there’s a fade-out and then a fade-in back to the same scene.
These fades therefore do not mean a transition; they are to denote a pause, a fall of sorts, a moment in which Julie is lost in thought, and then gets back to the present. Because Blue is an “internal” film, mostly about depicting Julie’s mind on screen, it works beautifully.
2/ Yesterday I watched Cries and Whispers. Ingmar Bergman does something I’ve never seen before: fade to/ from red, instead of the usual black.
There are 3 main colours in the film: red, white, and black. The women wear white in the 1st half, then after Agnes dies, they switch to black. There are only 2 scenes in which we see the colour green of the grass—scenes of happier days when the sisters are harmonious. Cries and Whispers is a film about dying, love, sexual passion, blood (mutilation), hatred and death, and red pervades the film.
The fades, used for dramatic emphasis, are very effective.
Thoughts as a film student: I must try both of these at some point.